What are the qualification & Power of The Vice President of India

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What are the qualification & Power of The Vice President of India

What are the qualification & Power of The Vice President of India


Article 63 There shall be a Vice President of India. He occupies the second highest office in the country. The manner of election for Vice-President and President is same.


  • Should be a citizen of India.
  • Should have completed 35 years of age.
  • Should be qualified for election as a Member of RajyaSabha.
  • Should not hold any office of profit.


  • Under Article 69, the oath of office of the Vice-President is administered by the President or some person appointed in that behalf by him.

Condition of Office

  • Should not be a member of either House of the Parliament or State Legislature.
  • Should not hold any office of profit.

Terms of Office Under Article 67

  • Can resign from his office at any time by addressing the resignation letter to the President.
  • Holds office for a term of 5 years from the date on which he enters upon his office.
  • Can be removed by a resolution of the Rajya Sabha passed by an absolute majority and agreed by the Lok Sabha.
  • Can be elected for any number of terms.
  • Emoluments He draws his salary in his capacity as the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha. His present salary is Rs. 2125000 per month.

Powers and Functions

  • He acts as the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha. In this capacity, his powers and functions are similar to those of the speaker of Lok Sabha.
  • He acts as President when a vacancy occurs in the office of the President due to his resignation, removal, death or otherwise. He can act as President only for a maximum period of six months.
  • While Acting as President or discharging the functions of President, the Vice-President does not perform the duties of the office of Chairman of Rajya Sabha, those duties are performed by the Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha.

What are the qualification & Power of Prime Minister

  • Real executive authority.
  • Gets the same salary as other MPs. [In addition, he gets some other allowances].
  • He is the ex-officio Chairman of the Planning Commission, National Development Council, National Integration Council and Inter-state Council.


  • The President convenes and prorogues all sessions of Parliament in consultation with him.
  • Appoints the Council of ministers.
  • He guides, directs, controls and coordinates the activities of all the ministers. Allocates portfolios. Can ask a minister to resign & can get him dismissed by President.
  • Can recommend to the President to declare emergency on grounds of war, external aggression or armed rebellion.
  • He advices the President with respect to the appointment of the officials like CAG, Attorney-General of India, Chairman and members of UPSC, Election commission, Finance Commission etc.

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